The Osage also may have hunted here. The Shawnee reservation in Kansas stretched from the Missouri State boundary nearly to modern-day Junction City, and from the Kansas River to about the southern line of Johnson County. The Black-Bob band took their lands in common, as did another small band. These letters concern the sale of lands to Black Bob’s Band of Shawnee. One researcher states that the “Loyal Shawnee” is a later name for the “Black Bob Band.” The Black Bob Band’s records were kept by the Shawnee Agency. The “Black Bob Band” of the Shawnee, under the leadership of a chief named Black Bob, vehemently refused to accept individual allotments in 1854. Among others, we are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to and affiliated sites. What Native peoples lived in Johnson County before the Shawnee were moved there? Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. There they remained until peace was proclaimed, when about one hundred returned to dispose of their lands, only to find them taken over by sqatters in their absence. Construction continued until 1862. The Kansas reservation brought nearly 2,000 members of these divergent factions of the Shawnee nation together. Bricklayer “Indian Jim” Paved the Way for JoCo’s Growth, 2020 Made History. The Black Bob Band became one of the predecessors to today’s Shawnee Tribe. The Black Bob Reservation (or Black Bob Reserve) was located in the southeastern part of Johnson County, Kansas, at the sources of the Blue and Tomahawk creeks, lying in Oxford, Spring Hill, Aubry and Olathe townships, on 33,000 acres in the Tomahawk Creek area near the current intersection of 119th and Black Bob Road. The government mandated the placement of the Native Americans who remained in the new Kansas Territory on individual allotments of land, rather than on large reservations. They joined other Shawnee in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) on a joint Shawnee-Cherokee reservation. Black Bob kept the band together until his death in 1862 or 1864, but in 1867 the speculators induced the Indians to put their land in severalty. nos. Black Bob was half Miami and half Shawnee. Black Bob’s band still had no desire to move to the Kansas River. Chief Black Bob died during this time, either in 1862 or 1864, but his followers maintained their independence from the rest of the Shawnee nation and the national council. ( Log Out /  Today, the only reminders of this contentious history in Johnson County are places named for Chief Black Bob and his followers: Black Bob Road, Black Bob Park, and Black Bob Elementary School in Olathe. When they returned, white squatters had taken possession of portion of the land. Black Bob. 58 reviews #12 of 90 Restaurants in Shawnee $$ - $$$ American Barbecue 120 W Macarthur St, Shawnee, OK 74804-2007 +1 405-275-2040 Website Menu Closed now : See all hours In 1861 Kansas became a state, and the non-Indian people of Kansas demanded that all Indian tribes must be removed from the state. They are an The Black Bob, less than 200 in total, were traditionalists who rejected assimilation, protested the federal government’s policy of Indian Removal, believed in communal land ownership, and were vocal critics of the Shawnee national council. This site was part of the tract belonging to the Black Bob band. Settlers were granted 130,000 acres (530 km2) of Shawnee land, while 70,000 acres (280 km2) remained to for the tribe, of which 20,000 acres (81 km2) were granted to the Absentee Shawnee. Eventually, Black Bob’s band removed to the area of Kansas. The Black Bob Band became known as Skipakákamithagî’ in the Shawnee language meaning “blue water Indians”; because they lived on the Big Blue River. The tribe held its lands in common until 1866, and continued to live as had been their custom, making but little progress and spending most of their time in visiting other tribes and hunting, until the breaking out of the Civil  War. The Shawnee point out that this 1869 Agreement was recently abrogated when, on December 27, 2000, Congress restored the Shawnee Tribe's “current and historical responsibilities, jurisdiction, and sovereignty as it relates to the Shawnee Tribe, the Cherokee-Shawnee people, and their properties everywhere.” 25 U.S.C. Chief Black Bob died during this time, either in 1862 or 1864, but his followers maintained their independence from the rest of the Shawnee nation and the national council. Letter from I. G. Vore to General J. W. Denver in Washington D.C., regarding introducing an Act of Congress authorizing Texas Cherokees to sue the State of Texas, and the sale of Black Bob Shawnee… Meanwhile, the Rogerstown and Fish bands traveled directly to eastern Kansas, where successive parties of Ohio Shawnees joined them over the next several years. Topic: Condition of the Black Bob Band of Shawnee Indians in KS . Mar 30, 2017 - Explore barbara howell's board "SHAWNEE TRIBE", followed by 273 people on Pinterest. They became known as the “Cherokee Shawnee,” primarily settling in the areas of Bird Creek (now known as Sperry); Hudson Creek (now known as Fairland); and White Oak. In an 1854 treaty with Black Bob, the United States gave them rights to land on the Shawnee Reservation in that state. Afterward, joined by many Kansas Shawnee (Black Bob's band), they returned to Indian Territory and claimed acreage assigned the Potawatomi. In 1825, the federal government negotiated the Treaty of St. Louis, which removed 1,400 Missouri-based Shawnee to lands in Kansas (some Shawnee continued into Oklahoma and eventually into Mexican Texas, and became known as the “Absentee Shawnee”). Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. Courtesy Kansas Historical Society. With the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act in 1854, the U.S. government’s new goal was to open Kansas for settlers from the United States. They settled in northeastern Kansas near Olathe and along the Kansas (Kaw) River in Monticello near Gum Springs. We welcome your comments and discussion! In the War of 1812 he joined British forces for the capture of Detroit and the invasion of Ohio. Bob Ford published a memoir of his combat experiences in the novel Black Cat 2-1, The True Story of Vietnam Helicopter Pilot and His Crew. ( Log Out /  They predominantly settled in what is now Craig and Rogers County, Oklahoma. Other Information: Pages: 2. Residents and non-residents will be required to register and pay online for a two-hour session. Eastman’s Map, showing reservations in Kansas, c. 1854. All sessions are open to Olathe residents and non-residents. The Black Bob band had written directly to President Andrew Jackson, noting that “For the last forty years we have resided in Upper Louisiana,” (which was now called Missouri), “peaceably following our usual occupations for the support of our families” … explaining that the Shawnee lands in Kansas had “a climate colder than we have been accustomed to, or wish to live in,” and they would be “surrounded by people who are strangers to us.” However, in 1833, this petition was denied. By posting comments to the JoCoHistory Blog, you understand and acknowledge that this information is available to the public. Taylor, his successor, contrived a scheme to swindle land from the Black Bob. When Missouri became a state in 1821, European Americans spread westward rapidly, onto the territory of Native Americans. We use cookies to remember log in details, provide secure log in, improve site functionality, and deliver personalized content. Sale of these lands which have been allotted and patented to Black Bob Shawnees; treaty of 10 May 1854. Settlers moved onto the land as soon as the war was over, and disputes over the land continued for 20 years. Part Six: Attention Shoppers, The Mall Will Be Closing In Fifteen Years (2000 to 2008), A Great History of the Great Mall of the Great Plains. The Cape Girardeau band believed that government commissioners had misled them about the 1825 treaty and argued that they had never agreed to allow any Ohio Shawnees to settle on the western lands. Google Street View of Black Bob Park, in southern Johnson County. It seems that “speculators” were trying to purchase part of the land held jointly as a tribe from some tribal members. However, these petitions were not successful, the lands were sold to speculators. On Oct. 26, 1831, “General William Clark at Castor Hill in St. Louis County, Missouri, signed a treaty with representatives of the Delaware then in Kansas and the Cape Girardeau Shawnee (the Black Bob band) then in Arkansas, giving up all claim to the Cape Girardeau grant. Black Bob Bay is closed for the 2020 summer season. After the Civil War, the Shawnee in Kansas were expelled and forced to move to northeastern Oklahoma. “Letters form the Secretary of the Interior.” In 42nd Congress, 2nd Session. In 1857, there was 136 Black Bob Indians left. The Shawnee Methodist Mission was built nearby to minister to the tribe. Johnson County was part of the ancestral territory of the Kansa (Kansas) people. The reservation became home to 2,183 Shawnees from a variety of different bands between 1825 and 1834. The government permitted the Shawnee to stay on their lands in Kansas only if they accepted individual allotments. Content not in compliance with our civility expectations will be removed from our page or posts, and repeat offenders may be blocked. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Come to a home you deserve located in Olathe, KS. The government exchanged 1.6 million acres of Shawnee reservation land in Kansas for individual grants of 200 acres for each Shawnee man, woman, and child. Call (913) 829-1141 today! Although their settlements were north of the Kansas River, Johnson County would have been a part of their hunting territory. As a result, a portion of the Shawnees under the leadership of Black Bob did not move to eastern Kansas and instead settled along the White River in Arkansas. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. So often, people talk about “the Shawnee” as a single unit; in reality, the Shawnee were a people intensely divided by the complex issues of assimilation, removal, intra-tribal politics, and maintaining traditional practices and beliefs. They had a history of partial assimilation into European American culture and traded heavily with Americans. A maximum of 300 spots (25 percent of capacity) per session will be available. Members of the Black Bob Band joined with the Absentee Shawnees and the Cherokee. They lived in South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and other states before coming to Kansas. During the years of the Civil War, Shawnees from the Absentee-Shawnee and other bands fled to the 33,000 acre Black Bob Reservation as refugees. The Shawnee members of the former Lewistown group became known as the "Eastern Shawnee". Their anger was pointed at untrustworthy federal officials and the national council of the Shawnee. Great question! Alphabetical list of Shawnee Names found in Shawnee Heritage I (the first volume of the series). Black Butcher – 1730. Then, on account of the losses and sufferings to which they were subjected from bushwhackers on one hand, and Kansas thieves on the other, they left their homes and went to the Indian Territory in a body. We grind fresh chuck and hand patty our burgers daily. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Ford lives in the northwest Oklahoma community of Okeene where he is the manager of the Mill and serves as co-chairman … Pages on this site may include affiliate links to Amazon and its affiliate sites on which the owner of this website will make a referral commission.The shopping links above this notice go to our own store, AAA Native Arts Gallery. Black Caesar – 1710. Blackbob Court Townhomes has everything you need . Courtesy Kansas Historical Society. During 1833, only Black Bob’s band of Shawnee resisted removal. F THE INTERIOR, IN RELATIO~ TO Oertain lctnds in the State of Kansas belonging to the Black Bob band of Shawnee Indians, u.:ith bill for the sale of the same . Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your account. This item will ship to United States, but the seller has not specified shipping options. James Burnett Abbott, one-time Indian Agent to the Shawnee and schemer against the Black Bob Band. ( Log Out /  The chief of a Shawnee band, originally a part of the Hatha­wekela division of the Shawnee. 7). Black Body – 1788. Lengthy letters containing more information on the sale of Black Bob’s Lands and Shawnee lands, in general. It is said that the name of this most remarkable tribe comes from Shawun, south, or Shawunogi, Southerners. Part Five: Troubles (1998 to 1999), Johnson County Library Local History Resources, Missouri Valley Special Collections Digital Gallery, Extremely informative. He was known for being one of the last Shawnee leaders to resist leaving for the Indian Territory, and for keeping his band together until his death, holding their lands in common, as they moved between Missouri, Arkansas, and the Black Bob Reservation in Kansas. Black Bob (Shawnee chief) (d. 1862 or 1864), Native American Shawnee chief Black Bob (musician), American blues pianist Robert Craufurd (1764–1812), nicknamed Black Bob, Scottish soldier Bob Tuckett (born 1948), nicknamed Black Bob, professional light heavyweight/cruiserweight boxer of the 1970s The Shawnee Reservation in Kansas was never legally dissolved and some Shawnee families still hold their allotment lands in Kansas. ( Log Out /  Black Face – 1740. In 1808, Chief Black Bob and his band refused to remove with the rest of the tribe to Indian Territory. Within days, Congress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Act, and immediately large numbers of white Americans moved into Kansas to fight each other over black slavery. 64 and 65/v. The park is located on what was part of the Shawnee Indian Reservation, first established in 1825. Black Bob Indians of Johnson County, Kansas Posted on March 5, 2012 by Roberta Estes Beginning about 1870, the Black Bob Indians of the Shawnee Tribe who lived on a reservation in Johnson Co., Kansas known as the “Black Bob Reserve” began petitioning the government to keep their lands intact. The Black Bob fled to the west and south for protection. He had relatives among the Blackfeather people. Shawnee Indian Mission, Fairway, Kansas by Kathy Weiser-Alexander. Our burgers are made of 100% USDA Choice Chuck. Black Bob (Wa-wah-che-pa-e-hai or Wa-wah-che-pa-e-kar) was a chief of the Hathawekela division of the Shawnee indian tribe. James Burnett Abbott, one-time Indian Agent to the Shawnee and schemer against the Black Bob Band. Joseph and Johnson Blackfeather were some of the heirs, hence the Blackfeather name is associated with this land. The Blackfeather Farm, in Overland Park, Kansas still exists as of 2013. Black Bob and his Hathawekela band (also known as the Skipakákamithagî  band), the Cape Girardeau Shawnee, lived on land controlled by Spain in eastern Missouri on land granted to them about 1793 by Baron Carondelet, near Cape Girardeau. The Black Bob, who had no knowledge of such an application in their name, cried foul, asserting that no one could speak for their Band. The Loyal Shawnee made an agreement with the Cherokee Nation in 1869, allowing 722 to gain citizenship within the Cherokee tribe and receive allotments of Cherokee land. One of their early homes was on the Savannah River, which, indeed, took its name from this tribe. “The original land patent of the Blackfeather Farm was awarded to To Wah Pea and her heirs on March 13, 1885. To make matters worse, James B. Abbott, an ex-Indian Agent to the Shawnees, and H.L. (Ser. The JoCoHistory Blog follows Johnson County, KS Government's social media user responsibility guidelines at It seems that “speculators” were … Thanks! Change ). If you do buy something, thanks for your support ! Black Buffalo – 1740. See more ideas about shawnee, shawnee tribe, shawnee indians. West: Near Olathe Senior Residence Chief Black Fish 1 was born in 1725 and died on 12 Oct 1779 in Chillicothe, Shawnee Territory (Ohio), (United States) at age 54. The legal issue of land title became so complicated and so expensive to fight, in the end it was too much for the Black Bob to overcome. Black Cat – 1745. Beginning about 1870, the Black Bob Indians of the Shawnee Tribe who lived on a reservation in Johnson Co., Kansas known as the “Black Bob Reserve” began petitioning the government to keep their lands intact. Portions of the Shawnee nation agreed with the tactic of assimilation and even with removal, hoping that the U.S. government might finally leave them alone. Size: 5 3/4 inches x 8 3/4 inches. (from comes from the Algonquin word \"shawun,\" meaning \"southerner.\" Shawnee usually call themselves the Shawano or Shawanoe or Shawanese. They began illegally selling land to squatters. Now Help Us Collect It, A Great History of the Great Mall of the Great Plains. Black Bob (Wa-wah-che-pa-e-hai or Wa-wah-che-pa-e-kar) was a chief of the Hathawekela division of the Shawnee indian tribe. MS 1258: 1.02: Account book of Major James B. Abbott, dated Lawrence 28 October 1854 to 12 January 1856, and later items; also selections of lands made in 1862 by members of the Black Bob band of Shawnees, under the treaty of 1854. Other names for Black were Black Fish, Chief Blackfish, Chiungulla, Chiungulla "Black Fish," Mkah-day-way-may-qua, Chinugalla Blackfish, Cot-ta-wa-ma-go Blackfish, Pah Blackfish, and Pah-e-a-ta-hea-se-ka Chinugalla. Those who did—perhaps 700 or more—were called the “severalty” Shawnee because of their individual land ownership. His band was a part of the Hathawekela division of the Shawnee. The “Black Bob Band” of the Shawnee, under the leadership of a chief named Black Bob, vehemently refused to accept individual allotments in 1854. The Shawnee were a people whittled away by American encroachment and Indian Removal policies. This 1.6 million-acre reservation stretched from the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri rivers west toward present-day Topeka. A more complete reunion in 1833 occurred only through intimidation. Other Shawnee disagreed and wanted to retain traditional culture and remain on their ancestral lands. Black Bob (Shawnee: Wa-wah-che-pa-e-hai or Wa-wah-che-pa-e-kar) (d. 1862 or 1864) was a Native American Shawnee Chief. 1. Black Bull – 1730. Courtesy Kansas Historical Society. Map from the 1874 Atlas Map of Johnson County, Johnson County Museum. The Shawnee Indian Methodist Mission and school were established for the Shawnee, Delaware and other Indian nations in 1839. Charles Bluejacket, an assimilationist Shawnee leader, owned an extensive property, including an orchard. By 1833, only Black Bob’s band of Shawnee resisted removal, but they too were moved to northeastern Kansas in 1833. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Shipping and handling. Tecumseh, Shawnee Indian chief, orator, military leader, and advocate of intertribal Indian alliance who directed Indian resistance to white rule in the Ohio River valley. The reservation originally covered (what is now) Johnson County and (parts of) Douglas and Miami Counties. During the American Civil War, Black Bob's band fled from Kansas and joined the "Absentee Shawnee" in Oklahoma to escape the war. While the U.S. government recognized the acreage as individual allotments accumulated in one place, the Black Bob Shawnee chose to view it as a single allotment to be used for communal living. As a historical sketch in the 1874 Atlas Map of Johnson County relates, the Black Bob “soon began to suffer robbery and losses at the hands of bushwackers [pro-slavery forces], or Kansas thieves, and becoming uneasy—exposed as they were on both sides—left the county in a body and took up their residence in the Indian Territory.” Pro-slavery vigilantes under William Quantrill raided the Black Bob reservation in September 1862. Map showing the 33,000 acres belonging to the Black Bob Band, with a modern street overlay. There is a movement to learn what specific Native people’s land our houses are occupying so this information is helpful. An 1872 congressional act gave title of that land to the Absentee Shawnee. Learn how your comment data is processed. The Black Bob, less than 200 in total, were traditionalists who rejected assimilation, believed in communal land ownership, and found themselves regularly at odds with the Shawnee national council. Doc. “The Black Bob Shawnee were expelled from their land and moved to Northeastern Oklahoma.” There they joined the Absentee-Shawnee, and claimed acreage that eventually turned out to have been previously assigned the Potawatomi. The history of Chief Black Bob and his followers reminds us that when talking about the past, just as today, generalizations always leave someone out. Shawnee land holdings were reduced to roughly 200,000 acres, located within 30 miles of the Missouri border. The JoCoHistory Partner organizations do not endorse any user-submitted content and/or links nor assume any liability for any actions of participating users. In 1866, they applied for the partition of the Black Bob’s common property and requested individual allotments for 69 members of the band. For Black Bob and his followers, accepting the government’s offer of individual land grants signified the forfeiture of their rights as tribal members. • JANUARY 16, lt!72.-Referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs and ordered to be printed. In compliance with FTC guidelines, please assume the following about all links on this website that are outbound links: Since I share products and services I use and love with my readers, assume that I may receive a small commision if you buy something or subscribe to a service from a link on this website (at no additional cost to you). Black Bob Park is an 80 acre community park dedicated in 1981. From the 1874 Atlas Map of Johnson County, Johnson County Museum. Inventory: XGR-7188. In the 1870s, after many years of struggling to have their Kansas land titles recognized, the Black Bob Band was finally subjected to government removal (although they did not accept U.S. citizenship). In the case of the Black Bob Band of the Shawnee, by generalizing we risk losing voices of dissent and resistance against the destruction of a culture.
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